Homelessness in the United States 1095 Pages – Poverty in the United States Homelessness in the United States has continued to remain a focus area of concern of social service providers, government officials, and policy professionals since its resurgence among many types of individuals and families. The number of homeless people further grew in the 1980s, as housing and social service cuts increased and the economy deteriorated. The United States government determined that somewhere between 200,000 and 500,000 Americans were then homeless. Over the past decade or so, the availability and quality of data on homelessness has improved considerably, due in part to initiatives by the US Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD), the US Department of Health and Human Services, the US Department of Veterans Affairs, and several nongovernmental organizations working with homeless populations. Since 2007, the US Department of Housing and Urban Development has issued an Annual Homeless Assessment Report, which reports to Congress the number of individuals and families who are homeless in the previous year, both sheltered and unsheltered, in order to standardize data and collection processes for government officials and service providers. According to the US Department of Housing and Urban Development, there were 643,067 sheltered and unsheltered homeless persons nationwide as of January 2009. Additionally, about 1.56 million people used an emergency shelter or a transitional housing program during the 12-month period between October 1, 2008 and September 30, 2009. This number suggests that roughly 1 in every 200 persons in the US used the shelter system at some point in that period. According to the United States Conference of Mayors, in 2008 the three most commonly cited causes of homelessness for persons in families were lack of affordable housing, cited by 72 percent of cities, poverty (52 percent), and unemployment (44 percent),[5] and top ideas to stop homelessness were more housing for persons with disabilities (72%), more or better paying employment opportunities (68%), and more mainstream assisted housing (64%) Homelessness in the United States Homelessness United States Department of Housing and Urban Development United States Department of Veterans Affairs United States Department of Health and Human Services McKinney–Vento Homeless Assistance Act Deinstitutionalisation Mental health Redevelopment Gentrification Stagflation Vietnam War Veteran Natural disaster Domestic violence Building code Standardization Foreclosure Eviction Temple University White people African American Caucasian race Hispanic Native Americans in the United States Asian American Mental disorder Disability Substance abuse HIV/AIDS Sexually transmitted disease Pneumonia Tuberculosis Hypertension Diabetes mellitus Cancer High school diploma Suburb Hobo American Civil War Jacob Riis Great Depression Single room occupancy Diggers (theater) Chinatown, Boston Kip Tiernan Rosie’s Place History of the United States (1980–1991) Affordable housing Newsweek Galveston, Texas Homeless shelter Soup kitchen American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009 Housing First Helping Families Save Their Homes Act of 2009 United States Interagency Council on Homelessness Ypsilanti, Michigan Begging Compassion fatigue United States Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit National Coalition for the Homeless Bumfights California State University Lincoln Chafee Rhode Island Hollywood Santa Monica, California Suitcase Clinic John Hickenlooper Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration Pedestrian village Volusia County, Florida Internet begging Homeless women in the United States Rockefeller Center List of United States cities by population United States Armed Forces Dignity Village Frontline Foundation Homeless ministry List of tent cities in the United States Mole people Poverty in the United States Tent city

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